was created originally as service organization on preparation of engineers
in institutes and universities in the field of designing very-large-scale
integration circuits (VLSI), as part of ESPRIT program of the EU countries
on solution of the European parliament. In solution on creation
it was marked, that though in Europe and there is a big number of engineers
on designing VLSI, but their level and number does not correspond to
needs. In 1988 the consortium from five (originally)
organizations has headed this operation on the program as support of institutes
by number of tools. This tools included:
The first group included 52 institutes from the countries of EU and was provided free-of-charge with all tools, the second - 60 institutes from not EU of the countries of Europe was provided for a reduced price with tools, and free of charge manufacture of chips. But in 1993 when already began 270 participants, all institutes were joined in one common group. The manual on the program was carried out by a consortium from 6 organizations: CMP - France, Grenoble; DTH - Denmark, technical university ; GMD - Germany, research and development centre for computing sciences; IMEC - Belgium, centre of microelectronics; RAL - the Great Britain, electrotechnical laboratory; CNM - Spain. Barcelona university. Secretary EUROCHIP was in GMD.
The first stage of operation of the project (1990/91) purpose put selection of universities, the beginning of preparation of students and experts in the field of designing VLSIC, obtaining of the first results. At this stage universities received a EDA free-of-charge, the first chips were made also free-of-charge. In total from resources of EU it was assignment and acquired for high schools about 4500 licenses for a EDA, 50 workstations, 40 testers. It is in addition sold for reduced prices 700 workstations and thousands EDA.
Since October, 1993 Radio engineering faculty VSTU on behalf of dean L.T. Sushkova and prof. V.N. Lantsov of the beginnings to undertake active attempts on inclusion of university in EUROCHIP program. But only in June, 1994 after signing by the President of the Russian Federation of the agreement on cooperation with the countries and parliament of EU, leadership EUROCHIP solution on tolerance of the limited (3 - 5) numbers of the Russian universities to the program was accepted. On base of good contacts with Mr. Augustin Kejsser(GMD), Dr. Bernard Kurtua (CMP), and especially Dr.s John Maklian (RAL), by one of the first Russian universities was accepted in the program, member number - 4024. In November 1994 the contract between VSTU and EUROCHIP was made. The service centre for VSTU was RAL. Except for VSTU two university from Russia were included in the project: MIET and MIEM. At university the order of the rector creates workgroup, the head - professor V.N. Lantsov.
In 1996 the project EUROCHIP was transformed into the project EUROPRACTICE. In the project EUROPRACTICE some coordinators were replaced, all questions concerning with CAD tools purchasing, their using and maintenance are supported by RAL; the processes of chip manufacturing are supported by IMEC (Belgium); questions of teaching and training courses preparation & organisation are supported by technical university in Denmark. The common management was performed at first by Smith corporation (England), and then by RAL. The functions of the project have slightly changed, besides Institutions now both small and medium enterprises can become the project participants; now the project has become to support designing and manufacturing not only ICs, but also MCM and MEMS. All participants of EUROCHIP have been included to the new project EUROPRACTICE.
In 1996 the participants
of the project EUROPRACTICE from Central and the East Europe have prepared
the proposal for the new project, which has been maintained by the EC
and funded since 1997 within the framework of the COPERNICUS program.
This project (CP960170-SYTIC) was oriented to organisation and maintenance
of Centers of electronic designing and teaching on the base of leading
Institutions of the countries of Central and East Europe. Within the framework
of the given project in Russia such Centers were created in the VSTU (Vladimir)
for central regions of Russia, and also in the MIET (Zelenograd) and in
Institute of Information Systems of RAS (Novosibirsk).